History‎ > ‎


Translated by Google from an article in Jutarni on Sep 2, 2011 (with some improvements made to the Google translation):

Sensational discovery by Dragan Primorac's team: Croats are not Slavs but ancient Balkans

Only a small portion of Croats are of Slavic origin - something like ten to thirty percent. Unlike Croatians, Hungarians are genetically mostly Slavs. So what are Croatians? Croatians are generally, by a majority, Balkan natives - we've been sitting here and we haven't moved since the beginning of the last ice age 25,000 years ago! It is certain that part of the genetic fund came to the Balkans territory from Southwestern Asia.

Balkans in Germany
Croats from Bosnia - have even more compact indigenous genes. Their concentration of 71 percent is unheard of in such research! It is surprising that Germans (37.5%) and Saami (41%) have a high percentage of this particular marker. The Saami number one hundred thousand members, live in the far north of the Kola Peninsula and are the only indigenous people of Scandinavia. They are much better known as - Lapps. Santa's assistants! So, it's not - us and a hundred million Russians, but us and five million Lapps!

These are the results of genetic studies conducted across Europe, where Prof. Dragan Primorac, the leader of the Croatian team, scientifically and unequivocally, with a precision that stems from the original police procedure to identify genetic patterns, determined the origin of the current population inhabiting "our region". "Our regions" means the Balkans, from which the majority of us collectively come from with the exception of the Slovenes (who are the relatively the most Slavic people) and the Serbs in Serbia, who still do not know as their state conducted partial research, either because of negligence or because they are afraid of incalculable political consequences arising from the many nationalist myths that are stoked there. 

Revolutionary paper
A few days ago Primorac's article "Y-chromosome and the genetic origin of the Croats"  was released, the latest in a series of nearly fifteen years of scientific publications that sheds light on this question. The paper was published in the internationally recognized Croatian Medical Journal as a special issue number 7 "Conference of the International Association of Applied Biological Sciences (ISABS) in forensic, anthropological and medical genetics" in Bol, Brač and was co-authored by Damir Marijanović from Sarajevo's Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, followed by academic Pavao Rudan from Zagreb Institute of Anthropology, academic Richard Villems from the Estonian Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, and academic Peter A. Underhill, Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, the world authority on this area of ​​science that has made breakthrough research results that completely changed the perception of development of man and his culture.

[===== rest is pure Google Translate =====]  
Primorac's career
The scheme of the professional grouping was simple - Underhill is another late 90-Primorac them through their European colleagues in the European team was co-opted its research enterprise, which then spread throughout the region. The journal Science published the year 2000. fracture results in an article titled "Genetic legacy of Paleolithic Homo sapiens in the current Europeans from the perspective of the Y-chromosome." There are Primorčev name appears among the authors of the 14th place, so we therefore unjustly Fooled by newspapers, but because of his political, and not because of scientific ambition. Fortunately, with the former minister of science by the ministers in Sanader's government's popularity is so pregnant that decided to run for President (and got about 6% of votes), has now overcome the benign ones. His enormous, frenetic energy, which drives him so at times it seems that his limbs are connected federalist, was redirected to productive scientific and lucrative medical schemes. This order was disappointed by the Sanader and politics out of the HDZ and the Parliament, a special story, something more complex than this narrative of nucleotide polymorphism and nerekombinirajućim parts of the human DNA code consisting of three billion pairs of molecular.

As Primorac entered in Anthropology? Through forensics. He graduated from Medicine in Split, and from there went to America where he served his working at the University of Connecticut Health Center, and the state police forensic laboratories in Connecticut, Institute of Pathology, U.S. Army, forensic genetic center in Denver, and worked with state police, New York, the FBI and others to. When he returned to Croatia and his associates set up at the Split Faculty of Medicine, founded there the pioneering laboratory for forensic genetics, that in 1993. took on the task of identifying victims from mass graves in Kupres. At the same time as colleagues from Zagreb's forensic medicine began with the identification of war victims in other locations. What is is, the warring Serbs gave an impetus to the development of forensic genetics.

Great minds without a Nobel
At that time, forensic genetics was not at the stage of development which would allow identification with absolute certainty, since it is then analyzed by a relatively small number of genetic markers. The human species is defined by 23 pairs of chromosomes, which carry parental DNA code. In women, all X-X, and men turn X-Y. Previously, one could determine with some 60-70 per cent security, but today, thanks to the information contained in the backhaul DNA, mitochondrial DNA (characteristic of the mother) or Y-chromosome, we get a standard score with a guarantee of at least 99.99999 percent!

With regard to the need of the identification of war victims to ensure the application of recent findings, Primorac has traveled the U.S. and acquaintances turned to scientists at the University of Pavia. Bratinja the European genetic center, from there he went to America, Professor Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforzza (89), author of critical works about human genetic variation (The History and Geography of Human Genes, Princeton, 1994).. Cavalli-Sforzza of the early 70's regular (and now emeritus) professor at Stanford, so I started to Underhill as his assistant, while in other European Pavia center of this scientific discipline. Thus, the Primorac group found that among those recruited to the Underhill ground for its global project to map the human gene that is carried past 15 years (so why has not it got the Nobel Prize, and Hertha Müller for example, some novels that nobody reads is , that really no one can be clear).

Emigration to the West
Underhillov venture was a great effort of modern science, which is able to launch thousands of instant-related academic research and communications networks. In just one decade of the job is finished, so now we anthropologists must confront kornukopijom findings, which are not expected because of their vague, traditional, literary and national myths loaded images are not very good saves to deal with a new picture of the history of the human race. Now, in fact, we have precise data on the development and transfer of Homo sapiens. This apparently reasonable Covo, who appeared before about a hundred thousands of years (approximately 16 000 generations) was developed, no doubt, in Africa. Relation Africa - Asia this exceeds our ancestor 40-70000 years ago. Until 15,000 years the human species is reached on all points of the planetary land. This is a man of early Stone Age, the period which lasts from 2.5 million years BC until 10,000 years BC. n. e. (dating the birth of Christ, it seems out of place in a scientific framework, because the basic biblical exegesis found that the main hero of the New Testament, and specifically to the New Testament testimony, born between the second and ninth years after Christ).

Paleolithic man burned the fire and used stone flounder, a primitive instrument, fed by hunting and gathering of natural fruits (except that it was not an Eden existence, I bet that the most important part of his Montignac were various larvae, worms, insects and similar gadarije ).

In Europe, things are complicated at the beginning of the last freeze, the last phase of the Pleistocene, which lasted from approximately 40000-25000 years before present. Lowering the glaciers pushed the Paleolithic population, small packs of stray whom they were freezing eggs, three so-called. refugium, the main places of refuge where they will survive glacijalizaciju. One is the Franco-Iberian (off the coast of the Atlantic), the second and third istočnoukrajinski - Balkan. Paleolithic man parked in the Balkans, 25,000 years ago, and when you view an image of our greatest thickening genetic haplogroups I2a1, you see that in most anywhere we need to depart the last 250 centuries apart, as always, as soon as the curtain fell glaciated, emigrated to Germany and Western Europe.