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in the begining...

Currently there is no link between the Murković's from the Ukraine and those from Croatia. The current theory is that the Murković's in Croatia developed their name after they settled around the Mur River in northern Croatia. This means that the Ukrainian Murković's are either unrelated and developed their family name on another basis or they are emigrated to the Ukraine from Croatia.
 
An earlier theory (see picture below) has all Murković's originating from the Ukraine and then some emigrated to Croatia to escape Attila the Hun.
 
Croats settled in Croatia in about 650 AD after migrating westward to escape Attila the Hun. These people came from what is today the Ukraine, Belarus, Romania and Southern Russia. Today we call these immigrants "The Barbarians!" (add dramatic sound effect). Murković's may have settled in Lika and maybe in the Međimurje areas of Croatia.

Croatians sat around peacefully, drinking coffee in coffee shops known as kafiče for about 200 years. After two centuries of debate they appointed a king in 925 AD and then they all promptly applied for and received citizenship. They went back to their coffee. Life was good. The Croats became one of the most powerful kingdoms in medieval Europe. They showed that they were a progressive nation by abolishing slavery in about 1080 AD - maybe "progressive" is an understatement? Remember, this was 400 years before America was even "found", at a time when many still thought that the world was flat.

But, all good things must come to an end and so began a long period of occupations of Croatia. First came the Hungarians. Croatians managed to live with Hungarians for about 400 years until ... the Turks came! In about 1550 AD, as the Turks advanced, many families in Lika panicked and migrated again, as their ancestors had done almost a thousand years before them. This time though, they went north, away from the advancing Turks towards the relative safety of the Habsbergs and the Austro-Hungarian empire.

The time of the Turkish invasions resulted in a sparsely populated Lika and as the Turks were pushed back, some Wallachs were brought in to settle in Lika. After some "debate" the Wallachs were driven out and what followed was an large influx of Croatians into Lika. The population of Stajnica for example grew from a few hundred to over 2,000. The current theory is that some Murković's migrated from Međimurje to Stajnica at that time (early 1700's?).

 
An industrial age, economic migration occured from about the 1890's to the early 1920's from the old world to the new world. Finally, an emigration wave occured after World War 2.

 

Murkovic clans

There appear to be three distinct clans of Murković: Ukraine, Međimurje and Lika.

The Murkovich's in the Ukraine could be descendants from the original tribe, maybe some decided not to run from the Hun in 650AD. There seems to be no modern day link to other Murković's. Without DNA testing it will be difficult to prove a connection that far back.

The Međimurje region clan comes from a region that is possibly greater than the present day Međimurje. It may include parts of Slovenia and southern Austria. There are many seemingly unrelated families in this region and there appear to be no links to Lika from this clan. It may be a little early to state this because in spite of their number, the feedback from Međimurje Murkovic's has been thin and maybe once we get more information about grandparents, we may change the theory.

The Lika clan is the origin for many of American Murkovic's.

It seems that the Murkovic's in Germany and Switzerland are all 20th century migrants, mainly from Međimurje.

Earliest documented Murković

Zemljišne knjige Ogulinske regimente za Stajnicu iz 1780. sadrže podatke za tri kučne zadruge (u ime Murkovića). (Tominac, "Stajnica i Okolica" (2004))

The Ogulin Regiment land registry from 1780 refers to data for the three zadruge in the name of Murković in Stajnica. (Tominac, "Stajnica i Okolica" (2004))

Of the three zadruge, the longest lasting was the one that lived at the Dvor. Even in the terrible state that it is in, the Dvor is still one of the most distinguishing features of Stajnica and it is therefore clearly the center of the Murkovic universe in Stajnica!

My dream is to one day have a global Murković gathering at the Dvor to see how many Murkovićs can fit in the downstairs reception room. OK, I know that there is a lot of cleaning to do first, but I can dream, can't I?

Are we all somehow linked? It is possible that we (Dvorska Zadruga) are related to other Murković's in Croatia to a time around and preceding 1780. It may be possible to research these other zadruge to get their members and family trees and make some connections. Our connection to the Murkovićs further north in Slovenia and Austria may date further back to the times of the Turkish invasions and may be more difficult to connect. DNA anyone?

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