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Croatia - Lika

Map of Croatia with Lika highlighted

About Lika

Lika is a mountainous region in central Croatia, roughly bound by the Velebit mountain from the southwest and the Plješevica mountain from the northeast. On the north-west end Lika is bounded by Ogulin-Plaški basin, and on the south-east by the Malovan pass. Today most of the territory of Lika is part of Lika-Senj county and some parts part of Karlovac county and Zadar county.
Major towns include Gospić, Otočac, and Gračac, most of which are located in the karst fields of the Gacka river along with others.

The Plitvice Lakes National Park is also in Lika.

Famous people born in Lika include the world-renowned physicist and entrepreneur Nikola Tesla, Croatian politician Ante Starčević and the painter Miroslav Kraljević.

History of Murkovićs in Lika

Stajnica and the village of Jezerane are located in Lika. Jezerane is about 3 km from Stajnica. Many Murković's can trace their roots back to this area even though very few Murković families live there now. Many American Murkovic's originated from Stajnica and Jezerane in Lika.

The most complete and objective book on Stajnica and it's surroundings is "Stajnica i Okolica" written by Nikola Tominac in 2004. Much of the information supplied here is from his book. My deepest thanks go to him for writing the book.

Earliest documented Murkovićs : The Ogulin Regiment land registry from 1780 refers to data for the three zadruge in the name of Murković in Stajnica. (Tominac, "Stajnica i Okolica" (2004)). As families grew, they spawned new zadruge, so there could have been a lot more Murković zadruge 100 years later. 

One long lasting zadruge was the one that lived at the Dvor in Stajnica read more...

Stajnica

Records in Senj indicate that there were only 9 households in Stajnica in 1697. This was shortly after the Turkish invasions and plundering. Much of the population had emigrated north.
 
Church records indicate that by 1708 the population had started growing again. A census held in 1768 in Stajnica identified two Murković households - that of Mihael Murković and that of Ivan Murković. Mihael had 15 people in his household and Ivan had 5.
 
In about 1780, a census identified three Murković households in Stajnica. The houses were owned by (succeeded by) :
House 89: Anton M (Ivan M),
House 90: Joso M (Luka M.1866) and
House 91: Frane M (Miko M, Ivan M and Anton M)
After the Napoleonic wars (1803-1815) the population had declined and due extreme poverty, there was a migration from Stajnica to the plains of Slovonia (Eastern Croatia).
There were also censuses taken in 1837 and 1857.

(Feb 2014) Pat and Dario are doing some work on the families in these houses using records recently discovered in Stajnica parish records click here 
Work on Stajnica 89
Work on Stajnica 90
Work on Stajnica 91
Spreadsheet for data
 
In 1910, before the first World War, there were 300 households in Stajnica and 2022 inhabitants. The number of inhabitants has declined steadily since then to 301 inhabitants by 2001. At the time of the 1910 census, the area around the Dvor was called "Žaga" and there were two Murković zadruge there. Also in the Žaga area there was a Trtanj and 8 Vuković zadruge. In the area called "Murković Selo" there were 6 Murković zadruge and the following independent households: Ana Krznarić (born Murković), Franjo Murković, Petar Murković, Mato and Tomo (surname?)

Seka (Maria) Murković told me that when she was young, there were two Murković families that were not related to her family: There was Nikola Murković and Tome Murković. Nikola lived in a big house, about the 10th house away from the Dvor in Murkovićevo Selo. Nikola was about the same age as her father Josip Murkovic, was a lugar (a forester, woodsman or ranger) and had many children. She says that they were pretty, good-looking children. Nikola's oldest son died in WW2 while in the Army. Later, she indicated that Tomica Murković-Franić (page 122, Stajnica i Okolica) was his son. Tomica was in the 369th Infantry Division of the German Army.

Tome Murković lived across the road from Nikola, a little lower down. She thinks that he did some work at the Dvor. She remembers that when the time came to slaughter pigs, he was the person in charge. He arranged everything. Later she remembers that he was sick and that food was sent to him from the Dvor. His wife was either sick or had passed away. She thinks that he had a son called Josa.

 
 
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The shop keeper near the school in Stajnica is a Murković.
Individuals per phone records:
MURKOVIĆ MILE Stajnica 71 53262 Stajnica 053 792074 (also address of Goran)
MURKOVIĆ BISERKA Stajnica 35A 53262 Stajnica 053 792113
MURKOVIĆ MARIJA Stajnica 61 53262 Stajnica 053 792034
MURKOVIĆ NIKOLA Murkovići 193 53262 Stajnica 053 792051
 
Business per phone records:
BRKO, prodavaonica mješovite robe, vl. Murković Goran 
    Kralja Zvonimira 129 53220 Otočac 053 617796
    Stjepana Radića 71 53220 Otočac 053 771128
    Frankopanska 67 53260 Brinje 053 701292
    Jezerane 60 53262 Jezerane 053 793419
    Stajnica 71 53262 Stajnica 053 771047
Goran has a number of stores in Lika but we think he lives in Stajnica.


U selu Stajnici bijaše nekada lokalna (mjesna) kapelanija, koja je spadala pod rimokatoličku župu u Brinju. Kralj Josip II. pretvorio je tu kapelaniju godine 1789. u posebnu župu, što je biskup Martin Brajković predlagao već god. 1700. Stajnica je u krajiško doba spadala pod treću satniju, kojoj bijaše sjedište u Jezeranama. Tada su u Stajnici stalno boravila 2 krajiška časnika (poručnik i natporučnik). U Stajnici bijaše i vojnički magazin, u kojemu se čuvala hrana za graničare. 

Godine 1834. brojila je Stajnica s najbližom okolicom 116 kuća, u kojima je stanovalo 1440 žitelja, od toga 1428 rimokatolika i 12 grčko-istočnjaka. U samoj Stajnici bilo je 1857. godine 48 kuća s 505 stanovnika, od toga 504 rimokatolika. Prigodom popisa, koji je obavljen 31. prosinca 1910., imala je Stajnica jedva 367 žitelja, koji bijahu po vjeri sami rimokatolici. 

Osim župne crkve sv. Nikole postoje na području stajničke župe još 3 kapele, poimence kapela bl. djevice Marije u Čarapovuselu, kapela sv. Petra i Pavla u Petrovuselu, te kapela sv. Marije Magdalene u Sprajčevuselu. Pučka je škola u Stajnici otvorena godine 1831.

Izvor: Dr. Rudolf  Horvat, Mala knjižnica Matice Hrvatske
http://www.cro-eu.com/forum/index.php?topic=1328.0

Gospić

Ivan Murković and his family in Gospić, descendants of the Dvor in Stajnica. There are at least 4 Murkovic's in Gospić - Ivan, his wife Verica and their two boys Ivan and Joško.
Mate Murković (1994-) (from facebook) also lives in Gospić in a family of four. Nothing further is known about these Murkovićs.
Individuals per phone records:
MURKOVIĆ IVAN Vrtlarska 25 53000 Gospić 053 572493, 099 6737196, 098 522190
 

Brinje

Jasna Murkovic - from Brinje, singer of folk songs from Lika.
 

Ogulin

Individuals per phone records:
MURKOVIĆ ZORA Dražice 9 47300 Ogulin 047 522810
 

Murko-census Stajnica, Lika : 5 (Mile, Goran, Biserka, Marija, Nikola)
Murko-census Gospić, Lika : 8 (Ivan, Verica, Ivan, Joško, Mate + 3)
Murko-census Brinje, Lika : 1 (Jasna)
Murko-census Ogulin, Lika : 1 (Zora)

 

Subpages (2): Dvor Stajnica
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