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Ivica ()

This is my grand-uncle and he has an extensive branch of Murkovićs. We have largely lost contact with this branch of the family. To the best of my knowledge, this is their family tree:

Ivan Murković (Ivica) (c.1882/86 - c.1960)  & his wife, Adela Pavelić (    -     ) 

Adela Pavelić had a comfortable life in Gospić. Her father owned the local mill in a large farming region, they lived in a beatiful house and they were well ... wealthy ... and comfortable.

She was young when she was lovestruck at an official ceremony by a dapper young officer who was an aide-de-camp (personal assistant to a general or a colonel). Ivica had gone to Ludovika in Budapest, the best military school in the Austro-Hungarian empire and had graduated on 1 Mar 1915. His and his brother Mate’s picture still hang on a wall in Ludovika. He too fell hopelessly in love with Adela.

 


Ivica
*c.1883/86 Stajnica
1960 Gospić 


Adela Pavelić
* ? Gospić
? Gospić


 Dragica


Stipe Lulič


Nicola 


Thea Lampe 


Ivan 
(died young)


Maria 


Joško

 
Ivanka Zalokar


 Adela


Lovre Došen

As an officer, he could only get married if they paid a “kaucia” to the Army. This was a deposit that had to be paid before an officer could wed. In the event of the officer’s death, the deposit was returned to the widow. The younger the officer, the higher the deposit. Adela begged her father to pay the exorbitant deposit and he did, so the young couple were able to get married. Years later, after the creation of Yugoslavia, she was refunded the kaucia money.
Ivan was Janjica and Josip’s second son, he was born in about 1886 and he went to school in Gospić. In Gospić, he had a friend with whom he went to school. Seka tells that he came back to the Dvor in Stajnica to study in peace. We’re not sure when that was or what he was studying. From his military training he learned to speak both German and Hungarian.

He served on the Italian front in WW1. He said that the Italians used tanks a lot, that they fought from a distance. When the war ended, he stayed on and joined the Yugoslavian Army however on the day he saw his superior officer signing with his fingerprint because he could not write, he resigned from the Army and returned to Gospić where Ivan managed the grain mill for his father in law. He got involved in politics, becoming the Croatian Peasants Party representative from Gospić in the Croatian parliament until WW2.

He started a family with Adela and they had two kids during WW1 and ultimately they had a total of six children: Dragica, Nicola, Ive, Maria, Joško (Josip) and Ada (Adela).

In about 1930, they went to Dalmatia for a holiday and Adela got typhus (of the stomach). She was brought back to Gospić and eventually died from the disease.

In about 1941 when Croatia was descending into chaos, Ivan received a package in the mail. It contained a single bullet and a short rope. The message was that one of these was his ultimate fate. As he thought that he had no enemies, this package upset him terribly. As he represented the Croatian Peasants Party, it seemed logical that the message was being sent by the Ustaše.

A General (Josip’s friend) asked him to join the army again but Ivan wouldn’t volunteer for it. He said that he was prepared to go if he was conscripted, but refused to volunteer. At that time Croatia was "independent" but in effect subect to German control. To volunteer would indicate that he was pro-Ustaša. This decision to wait for conscription was to save his life at the end of the war. He was eventually conscripted and became a Colonel, the Commanding Officer of the School for NCO’s (Non-commissioned Officers), somewhere near Zagreb (Potsuzed?). His brother Mate and Beata where living in Zagreb at the time and they used to visit Ivan there.

When the war ended, he was arrested by the Partizani and imprisoned in a concentration camp. The fact that he had not volunteered saved him i.e. the conscription papers were proof that he was not a Ustaša sympathizer. He was badly fed while in prison and he got very weak and thin during this period. He eventually returned to Gospić where he lived with his son Joško and sometimes with his son Nikica. Gospić had fallen to the Partizani and they had destroyed the home that they had lived in.

He lived there quietly for many years and then when he heard that his brother Joško was terminally ill, he travelled to Argentina and he was with Joško during his last days. Braco tells us that during his visit to Argentina, he saw Malina and said to him "Braco, don't let this one go, she has beautiful eyes!". During this time he lived with his son Nikica, who was in Argentina at the time, and spent time with his brother Joško.

After Joško passed away, Ivan stayed on for some time and then suddenly he decided that he had to go back to Gospić to die next to his wife. He seemed desperate to get back. Two years later he died in Gospić and was buried next to Adela, his sweetheart.

Adela’s parents and their kids are all buried there.

   

Research

1934 Mar. 29 Josip Begovic (student in Zagreb) condemned to death by hanging. Petar Oreb (worker from Vela Luka/Korcula) condemned to death by hanging. Hung on May 12, 1934. Antun Podgorelec (masonary apprentice from Suhopolje/Vinkovci) condemned to death by hanging; later commuted to life. After spending three months in jail where they were tortured, a group of eighteen people were sentenced: Nikola Murkovic (lawyer from Gospic) to 2 years, Ante Vlajnic (merchant in Perusic) to 20 months, Martin, Dosen (Licki Osik) to 12 months, Dr. Fran Binicki (pastor in Licki Osik) to 10 months, Mile Butkovic (merchant from Perusic) to 10 months, Nikola Kolacevic (merchant from Kaniza) to 8 months, Mate Zalovic (peasant from village of Vuksice) jailed eight months, Nada Kolacevic (housewife from Gospic) to 6 months, Nikola Polic (pastor in Gospic) to 6 month, Andrija, Brkljacic (Gospic) to 5 months, Ante Brkljacic (Gospic) to 5 months, Mate, Brkljacic (peasant from Kaniza) to 5 months, Josip Matijevic (student from Kaniza) to 5 months, Nikola Matijevic (student) to 5 months, Ivan Stilinovic (peasant from Gopsic) to 4 moths, Marko Smolcic (student under age from Karlobag) sent to a home for delinquent youth, Ivica Murkovic (a retired military officer from Gospic) to ?, and Mime Rosandic (forestry engineer from Gospic) freed but kicked out from work.  - http://povijest.blogspot.com/

Descendants

Dragica & Stipe

Nikola and Thea met in Trieste, emigrated to Buenos Aires and then returned to Trieste. Some of their descendants are back in Croatia (Zagreb) now.

 
Ivan - died young, not much known
Maria - not much known
Joško & Ivana
This branch of the family settled back in Gospić.
Adela and Lovre
Not much is known about Adela and Lovre Dušen.
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